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Arts From Heaven

23 Mar

Italy is an art lover’s paradise. It has been likened to one vast museum. No other country in the world has such a rich heritage of artistic creativity. A UNESCO study placed 40% of the art of the world in Italy.

The Italian art developed in the Italian peninsula since prehistoric times. During the Roman Empire, Italy was the center of an artistic culture that for the first time created a universal language for the homogeneous world of Europe and the Mediterranean. In some periods of Italy was the country’s most artistically advanced in Europe.

During prehistoric times some cultures flourished in Italy, among which the Valcamonica, the Villanova, that of the Piceno and that of the Samnites.
The Magna Graecia and Sicily was one of the most culturally active greek world. Among the most important evidence has come down to us are the temples of Agrigento, Selinunte and Paestum. 
The Etruscan art, which counts among its masterpieces works in bronze, terracotta, Buccheri and fresco paintings, was the most important cultural expression of pre-Roman Italy. Noteworthy were the contacts with the Magna Greece and the cultural contribution to the nascent Roman art. 

The Romans developed their own unique artistic culture after the Punic Wars, and thanks to the conquest of the cities of Magna Graecia and Greece itself is deeply influenced by ellenismo. The Romans did it in a sense the heirs of Hellenistic classicism, although with significant differences. In architecture, there was an extraordinary development of construction techniques that enabled the construction of a huge complex monumental painting and sculpture inspired by Greek art, but the contribution of the popular roots and Italic also allowed the emergence of new forms of art not made by the Greeks such as the historical and portrait. 
But perhaps one the most influential Italian art expressions is during the Renaissance period.
The Renaissance began in Italy in the fourteenth century, from revivals of humanistic literature of Petrarch and Boccaccio. The rediscovery of Roman art, perspective, proportion, use of light in body revolutionized the world of European art. The first center involved in the new figurative art was Florence, closely followed by other courts of Italy (Mantova , Ferrara, Urbino …), and papal Rome. The artists to start this revolution were Filippo Brunelleschi and Leon Battista Alberti in architecture, Masaccio, Filippo Lippi and Botticelli in painting, Donatello and Lorenzo Ghiberti for the sculpture. The Venetian art discovered the aerial perspective and use of color ever experienced before (Giorgione, Titian). On the eve of the sixteenth century came to the fore three genes versatile, gifted in several disciplines (Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael Sanzio), who created some of the most famous masterpieces of world of fine art.